triceratops

Triceratops

Dinosaurs

Triceratops

Triceratops is a genus of herbivorous ceratopsid dinosaur that first appeared during the late Maastrichtian stage of the late Cretaceous period, about 68 million years ago in what is now North America.

This dinosaur was first discovered near Denver, Colorado in 1887. When it was first discovered it was believed to have been an unusual type of bison. However, it was discovered rather quickly that this wasnt just an unusual form of bison but was actually a dinosaur. Since then, Triceratops specimens have been found all over North America. The name of this dinosaur translates into 3 horned face from the Greek Tri meaning three and the word keratops meaning face.

It is believed that Triceratops ate mostly low growth vegetation such as ferns and shrubbery. Scientists believe that their large volume of teeth suggested that they ate large volumes of fibrous plant material each day and that these large batteries of teeth were needed to replace the ones that were damaged by wear and tear.

Triceratops
Triceratops by Nobu Tamura

Quick Triceratops Facts

  • Triceratops were 30 feet long (as long as 3 car links)
  • Triceratops weighed 12 tons; as much as 2 male elephants
  • They lived in the parts of Western Canada and U.S
  • They charged just like Rhinos do when threatened
  • They were herbivores
Size comparison with T. horridus in blue and T. prorsus in red

Currently, there are two theories which suggest what the horns of the Triceratops were used for. One theory says that this dinosaurs horns were used to defend itself in combat against other dinosaursparticularly the T- Rexwhich is known to have been the mortal enemy of this animal. The second theory suggests that this animals horns served a very limited purpose in combat and was instead used during courtship rituals.

Although the word Triceratops means 3 horned face, this dinosaur actually only had 2 proper horns. The third horn was made out of soft proteins and wasnt a proper horn. In fact, scientists arent really sure what the purpose of this false horn is. Another interesting fact about triceratops is that almost one third of the length of the Triceratops was its skull. A typical Triceratops was approximately 26 feet long (or 8 meters), while its skull was approximately 7 feet long (or 2.33 meters long).

The Triceratops could weigh anywhere between 6 and 12 tons. Which is about the weight of a modern diesel truck. This dinosaur measured over 10 feet in height. That is as tall as a first story building. This dinosaur has approximately 400 to 800 teeth during the course of its lifetime. However, it didnt use all of these teeth at one time. It was constantly replacing them throughout its lifetime as it wore them out.

Source: Wikipedia an newdinosaurs

Also read: Saichania

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